Ancient Art from Cyprus The Cesnola Collection in The by Karageorghis, Vassos

By Karageorghis, Vassos

The Cesnola assortment within the Metropolitan Museum of paintings is the richest and so much diversified illustration, outdoor Cyprus, of Cypriot antiquities. those works have been bought by way of the newly confirmed Museum within the mid-1870s from common Luigi Palma di Cesnola, a Civil conflict cavalry officer who had accrued the gadgets whereas serving because the American consul on Cyprus. The Cesnola assortment was once the earliest acquisition of Mediterranean antiquities through the Museum and constituted its fundamental show of archaeological fabric. In 1879 Cesnola turned the Museums first director, a place that he held till his loss of life in 1904.
This correct catalogue is released at the get together of the outlet of the Museums 4 everlasting galleries for old paintings from Cyprus. it's also the 1st scholarly booklet on the grounds that 1914 dedicated to the Cesnola assortment (which totals nearly six thousand objects). the amount positive aspects a few items from the gathering, illustrated in outstanding new colour images. relationship from approximately 2500 B.C. to approximately A.D. three hundred, those works rank among the best examples of Cypriot paintings from the prehistoric, Geometric, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman sessions. one of the items are huge sculpture guns, instruments, and household utensils vases, lamps, and formality paraphernalia dedicatory collectible figurines engraved sealstones and jewellery and comfort gadgets. They signify each significant medium labored in antiquity—stone, copper-based steel, clay, faience, glass, gold and silver, ivory, and semiprecious stones. those items testify to the quintessentially Cypriot amalgam of indigenous traditions and components assimilated from the traditional Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans who, one by one, managed the island. specified emphasis is put on the Metropolitan Museums number of Cypriot limestone sculpture, such as amazing sarcophagi from Golgoi and Amathus and is the best on the earth.

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Thick walls were necessary both for stability and for protection from the burning heat of that climate. The lack of stone for columns and the difficulty of procuring heavy beams for long spans made broad halls and chambers impossible. The plans of Assyrian palaces look like assemblages of long corridors and small cells (Fig. 18). 5 It is probable that the vault was used for roofing many of the halls; the arch was certainly employed for doors and the barrel-vault for the drainage-tunnels under the terraces, made necessary by the heavy rainfall.

The pteroma had under the exterior roof a ceiling of stone or marble, deeply panelled between transverse architraves. The naos and opisthodomus being in the larger temples too wide to be spanned by single beams, were furnished with interior columns to afford intermediate support. To avoid the extremes of too great massiveness and excessive slenderness in these columns, they were built in two stages, and advantage was taken of this arrangement, in some cases, at least, to introduce lateral galleries into the naos.

Pseudodipteral; with a single row of columns on each side, whose distance from the wall is equal to two intercolumniations of the front. ; with four, six, eight, or ten columns in the end rows. CONSTRUCTION. All the temples known to us are of stone, though it is evident from allusions in the ancient writers that wood was sometimes used in early times. The finest temples, especially those of Attica, Olympia, and Asia Minor, were of marble. In Magna Græcia, at Assos, and in other places where marble was wanting, limestone, sandstone, or lava was employed and finished with a thin, fine stucco.

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