After The Boom In Tombstone And Jerome, Arizona: Decline In by Eric L. Clements

By Eric L. Clements

The literature of the West abounds with colourful sagas of mining boomtowns that sprang up after the invention of a massive mineral deposit, however the decline of these cities isn't handled as greater than an epilogue to the tale. concentrating on Arizona cities that had their origins in mining bonanzas--Tombstone and Jerome--historian Eric L. Clements bargains a unprecedented research dissecting the method of bust itself--the purposes and manners during which those cities declined because the mining booms ended. Tombstone used to be the positioning of 1 of the nice silver bonanzas of the 19th century, a increase that begun within the overdue 1870s and used to be over by way of 1890. Jerome's copper deposits have been mined much longer, starting within the Eighteen Eighties and enduring till the Nineteen Thirties. but if the mining booms ended, each one city confronted its decline in comparable methods. Clements describes the cities at their peaks, the character of the mines and the varied populations that got here to paintings within the mines or within the enterprise of the cities, the advance of civic companies and facilities like libraries, and the function of mining businesses. the method of decline was once extra complicated than superficial histories have indicated, and Clements discusses the function of work unions in attempting to stave off cave in, the altering demography of decline, the character and expression of social tensions, the influence on associations akin to church buildings and faculties, and the human responses to endured monetary melancholy. yet bust concerned greater than a gentle decline into ghost-town prestige, Clements discovers: the cities' last citizens hired numerous thoughts to outlive and decrease family bills, and group enterprises constructed aid courses to assist the main needy and broad efforts to diversify their economies. in any case, either cities reinvented themselves as ! late-twentieth-century vacationer points of interest. "After the increase in Tombstone and Jerome, Arizona" describes in vibrant aspect the decline of 2 significant mining boomtowns. It additionally addresses major questions about the character of capital and cost within the mining West, and in regards to the features of city construction and survival. this can be a significant contribution to the background and interpretation of the yank West, meticulously researched, astutely argued, and intensely readable.

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Entertainments of a less reWned nature occurred at the Bird Cage Theater, a vaudeville house that encouraged drinking and permitted womanizing. 36 Other social and recreational outlets included the Tombstone Literary and Debating Club, formed at the end of 1881; a dance club; a glee club established in July 1880; and a nine-piece city band organized by 1883. 37 Athletic events had great appeal in a frontier camp full of young men. ” Some idea of the primacy of sport in the district can be gained by reading the schedule of events for Christmas Day of 1880.

That product was worth $146,190,600, a record for value exceeded only during the great boom years of World War I. Copper prices, which had held at around fourteen cents a pound since 1923, soared to twenty-one cents in the Wrst quarter of 1929, the highest price for the metal since World War I. The price then receded to eighteen cents a pound but held there solidly for the remainder of the year. 3 In the town of Jerome itself, the three major mining companies employed almost two thousand men. These men received their highest wages to date, and as a result Jerome’s consumer economy boomed.

Their ranks included George Goodfellow, formerly an army surgeon at Fort Whipple, in Prescott, Arizona. In September 1880 he resigned his post at Fort Whipple to establish a private practice in Tombstone. 19 True to form in the mining West, a real estate bonanza quickly followed the mineral one. “Town property has a real value now,” a correspondent reported in September 1879, not eighteen months after the initial locations. “Lots are selling from $150 to $250, and corner lots at fancy prices, from $400.

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