Aeronomy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Ionosphere by Daniel R. Marsh (auth.), Mangalathayil Ali Abdu, Dora

By Daniel R. Marsh (auth.), Mangalathayil Ali Abdu, Dora Pancheva (eds.)

This publication is a multi-author treatise at the most eminent learn difficulties within the box of the aeronomy of the Earth’s surroundings and ionosphere, encompassing the technological know-how coated via the department II of the overseas organization of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA). It comprises a number of overview articles and designated papers through top scientists within the box. The publication is equipped in five elements: 1) Mesosphere-Lower Thermosphere Dynamics and Chemistry; 2) Vertical Coupling through Upward Propagating Waves; three) Ionospheric Electrodynamics and Structuring; four) Thermosphere- Ionosphere Coupling, Dynamics and developments and five) Ionosphere-Thermosphere Disturbances and Modeling. The publication consolidates the growth acheived within the box in recent times and it serves as an invaluable reference for graduate scholars in addition to skilled researchers.

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7 (a) Acceleration of the zonal wind by parameterized dissipating gravity waves (m/s/day) and (b) the residual mean meridional wind (m/s) averaged over the latitude band 55◦ –70◦ N. (c) The residual mean vertical wind (cm/s) averaged over latitudes poleward of 75◦ N. All figures are for the same time period as Fig. 6 CO are now rapidly transported downward, leading to a significant increase in their mixing ratios in the lower mesosphere. WACCM simulations seem better able to reproduce the elevated stratopause than the simulations from the NOGAPS-ALPHA (Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System – Advanced Level Physics High Altitude) GCM of Siskind et al.

9 K. Higher in the atmosphere the non-migrating semi-diurnal tides need to be included when considering the total variability. The vertical wind tides associated with the temperature tides in Fig. 10a are shown in Fig. 10b. At the equator, there is a close correspondence between the times of zero vertical wind and maxima or minima in the tidal temperature. Following an extended period of downwelling beginning around 1600 h local time, there is a maximum in the tidal temperature at 2300 h, which is consistent with the phase lag described earlier.

2008), the stratopause structure was for the first time carefully examined by Mukhtarov et al. (2009). 5 K at the stratopause level near 40◦ . Their seasonal behavior is dominated by main annual variation with maximum during summer months and secondary semiannual one with equinoctial maxima. The results of Fig. 1a revealed some peculiarities of the DW1 features over the equator and at middle latitudes. The altitude structure of the DW1 tide will be considered in detail at both latitudinal regions.

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