By Benedict de Spinoza, R. H. M. Elwes
Written via the Dutch thinker Baruch Spinoza, the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus or Theologico-Political Treatise used to be probably the most debatable texts of the early sleek interval. It was once a preemptive safety of Spinoza's later paintings, Ethics, released posthumously in 1677, for which he expected harsh feedback. The treatise used to be released anonymously in 1670 through Jan Rieuwertsz in Amsterdam. that allows you to safeguard the writer and writer from political retribution, the name web page pointed out the town of book as Hamburg and the writer as Henricus Kunraht. It was once written in New Latin instead of the vernacular Dutch in an try and steer clear of censorship via the secular Dutch specialists.
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Extra resources for A Theologico-Political Treatise
13) For instance, Moses does not teach the Jews as a prophet not to kill or to steal, but gives these commandments solely as a lawgiver and judge; he does not reason out the doctrine, but affixes for its non-observance a penalty which may and very properly does vary in different nations. (14) So, too, the command not to commit adultery is given merely with reference to the welfare of the state; for if the moral doctrine had been intended, with reference not only to the welfare of the state, but also to the tranquillity and blessedness of the individual, Moses would have condemned not merely the outward act, but also the mental acquiescence, as is done by Christ, Who taught only universal moral precepts, and for this cause promises a spiritual instead of a temporal reward.
Viii:9), whereby he perceives the laws of God as eternal truths. , merely in concession to popular understanding, and the imperfection of popular knowledge; that in reality God acts and directs all things simply by the necessity of His nature and perfection, and that His decrees and volitions are eternal truths, and always involve necessity. (77) So much for the first point which I wished to explain and demonstrate. (78) Passing on to the second point, let us search the sacred pages for their teaching concerning the light of nature and this Divine law.
Of Solomon's proverbs which most clearly confirms our contention: "If thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up thy voice for understanding . . " (91) These words clearly enunciate (1), that wisdom or intellect alone teaches us to fear God wisely - that is, to worship Him truly; (2), that wisdom and knowledge flow from God's mouth, and that God bestows on us this gift; this we have already shown in proving that our understanding and our knowledge depend on, spring from, and are perfected by the idea or knowledge of God, and nothing else.