By A. D. F. (Alfred Dwight Foster) Hamlin
Variety of pages: 323The target of this paintings has been to caricature many of the classes and sorts of structure with the broadest attainable strokes, and to say, with such short characterization as appeared permissible or precious, crucial works of every interval or sort. severe condensation in featuring the top evidence of architectural heritage has been helpful, and masses that will rightly declare position in a bigger paintings has been passed over the following.
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Additional info for A Text-book of the History of Architecture
Thick walls were necessary both for stability and for protection from the burning heat of that climate. The lack of stone for columns and the difficulty of procuring heavy beams for long spans made broad halls and chambers impossible. The plans of Assyrian palaces look like assemblages of long corridors and small cells (Fig. 18). 5 It is probable that the vault was used for roofing many of the halls; the arch was certainly employed for doors and the barrel-vault for the drainage-tunnels under the terraces, made necessary by the heavy rainfall.
The pteroma had under the exterior roof a ceiling of stone or marble, deeply panelled between transverse architraves. The naos and opisthodomus being in the larger temples too wide to be spanned by single beams, were furnished with interior columns to afford intermediate support. To avoid the extremes of too great massiveness and excessive slenderness in these columns, they were built in two stages, and advantage was taken of this arrangement, in some cases, at least, to introduce lateral galleries into the naos.
Pseudodipteral; with a single row of columns on each side, whose distance from the wall is equal to two intercolumniations of the front. ; with four, six, eight, or ten columns in the end rows. CONSTRUCTION. All the temples known to us are of stone, though it is evident from allusions in the ancient writers that wood was sometimes used in early times. The finest temples, especially those of Attica, Olympia, and Asia Minor, were of marble. In Magna Græcia, at Assos, and in other places where marble was wanting, limestone, sandstone, or lava was employed and finished with a thin, fine stucco.