A History of Greece, Volume 05 of 12, originally published by George Grote

By George Grote

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Accordingly Artabanus is placed in the regal throne and bed, and as soon as he falls asleep, the very same figure shows itself to him also, saying, "Art thou he who dissuadest Xerxes, on the plea of solicitude for his safety, from marching against Greece ? " With these words the vision assumes a threatening attitude, as though preparing to burn out the eyes of Artabanus with hot irons, when the sleeper awakens in terror, and runs to communicate with Xerxes. " I have hitherto, O king, recommended to thee to rest contented with that vast actual empire on account of which all mankind think thee happy ; but since the divine impulsion is now apparent, and since destruction 1 2 See Brissonius, De Regno Persarura, lib.

PREPARATIONS AND MARCH OF XERXES. 31 be it borne in mind, were not bought slaves, but freemen, except in so far as they were tributaries of the Persian monarch ; and that the father of Herodotus, a native of Halikarnassus and a subject of the brave Queen Artemisia, may perhaps have been among them. We shall find other examples as we proceed, of this indiscriminate use of the whip, and full conviction of its indispensable necessity, on the part of the Persians1—even to drive the troops of their subject-contingents on to the charge in battle.

3 Herodot. vii. 2C-31. CHAP. ] PREPARATIONS AND MARCH OF XERXES. 19 through the Phrygian towns of Kelsense, Anaua and Kolossse, and the Lydian town of Kallate"bus, until he reached Sardis, where winter-quarters were prepared for him. But this land force, vast as it was (respecting its numbers, I shall speak farther presently), was not all that the empire had been required to furnish. Xerxes had determined to attack Greece, not by traversing the iEgean, as Datis had passed to Eretria and Marathon, but by a land force and fleet at once: the former crossing the Hellespont, and marching through Thrace, Macedonia and Thessaly ; while the latter was intended to accompany and cooperate.

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