2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section by American Academy of Ophthalmology, Robert H. Rosa Jr. MD

By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Robert H. Rosa Jr. MD

Part four offers fabrics in elements: half I, Ophthalmic Pathology; and half II, Intraocular Tumors: medical elements. half I makes use of a hierarchy that strikes from normal to precise to assist derive a differential analysis for a selected tissue. half II is a compilation of chosen scientific facets of value to the overall ophthalmologist. Following half II are the yank Joint Committee on melanoma 2010 staging types for ocular and adnexal tumors.

Upon final touch of part four, readers can be capable to:

Describe a dependent method of figuring out significant ocular stipulations in response to a hierarchical framework of topography, ailment strategy, common prognosis and differential diagnosis
Summarize the stairs in dealing with ocular specimens for pathologic learn, together with acquiring, dissecting, processing, and marking tissues
Identify these ophthalmic lesions that point out systemic sickness and are almost certainly lifestyles threatening

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Extra info for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 4: Ophthalmic Pathology and Intraocular Tumors

Sample text

This anatomical arrangement is the basis of the evisceration technique and explains the vulnerability of the eye to expulsive choroi- A break in the Descemet membrane in keratoconus shows anterior curling of Descemet membrane toward the corneal stroma (arrow). (Courtesy of Hans E. Grossniklaus. / Figure 2-3 A break in the Descemet tnembrane as a result of forc::eps injury shows anterior curling of the original membrane (arrow) and production of a secondary thickened membrane. (Couriesy of Hans E.

The globe becomes smaller and assumes a squared-off configuration as a result of the influence of the 4 rectus muscles. The anterior chamber collapses. Associated corneal endothelial cell damage results initially in corneal edema followed by opacification from degenerative pannus, stromal scarring, and vascularization. Most of the remaining internal structures of the eye will be atrophic but recognizable histologically. • Phthisis bulbi (Fig 2-11). The size of the globe shrinks from a normal average diameter of24-26 mm to an average diameter of 16-19 mm.

The processing of even a "routine" specimen usually takes a day. Thus, it is unreasonable for a surgeon to expect an interpretation of a specimen sent for permanent sections to be available on the same day as the biopsy. Techniques for the rapid processing of special surgical pathology material are generally reserved for biopsy specimens that require emergent handling. Because the quality ofhistologic preparation after rapid processing is usually inferior to that of standard processed tissue, it should not be requested routinely.

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