2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section by American Academy of Ophthalmology, Eric P. Purdy

By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Eric P. Purdy

Covers systemic health conditions probably to impact ophthalmic sufferers, corresponding to infectious, metabolic, neurologic and cardiovascular illnesses; melanoma; and rheumatic and endocrine problems. encompasses a dialogue of preventive drugs and clinical emergencies, geriatrics and statistics. Ophthalmic issues are highlighted all through. comprises references and tables directory the names, symptoms and uncomfortable side effects of antibiotic, antihypertensive and anticancer drugs.

Upon finishing touch of part 1, readers can be capable to:

Describe the ophthalmic manifestations of significant systemic diseases
Summarize the foremost affliction methods affecting lots of the grownup inhabitants, and in short clarify how preventive measures may perhaps decrease the morbidity and mortality they cause
List a number of the components linked to a patient's compliance or noncompliance with scientific regimens

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Extra resources for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 1: Update on General Medicine

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As many as 4000 new cases of congenital toxoplasmosis occur each year in the United States. Of the nearly 750 US deaths attributed to toxoplasmosis each year, approximately half are believed to be caused by eating contaminated undercooked or raw meat. Toxoplasma can also be transmitted to humans by ingestion of oocysts, an environmentally resistant form of the organism, through exposure to cat feces, water, or soil containing the parasite or from eating unwashed contaminated fruits or vegetables.

HIV-2 is closely related to simian immunodeficiency virus. HIV belongs to a family of viruses known as retroviruses. A retrovirus encodes its genetic information in RNA and uses a unique viral enzyme called reverse transcriptase to copy its genome into DNA. Other members of this retrovirus family include the human f CHAPTER 1: Infectious Disease • 29 T-lymphotropic retrovirus type 1 (HTLV-1), which can cause adult T-lymphocyte leukemia and chronic progressive myelopathy with atrophy of the spinal cord.

Stages Lyme disease usually occurs in 3 stages following a tick bite: localized (stage 1), disseminated (stage 2), and persistent (stage 3). Localized disease (stage 1), present in 86% of infected patients, is characterized by skin involvement, initially as a red macule or papule, which later expands in a circular manner, usually with a bright red border and a central clear indurated area, known as erythema chronicum migrans. Hematogenous dissemination (stage 2) can then occur within days to weeks and is manifested as a flulike illness with headaches, fatigue, and musculoskeletal aching.

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